What is a (CPM) Church Planting Movement or a (DMM) Disciple Making Movement?
The terms CPM and DMM are basically interchangeable. There are various definitions and understandings of a CPM/DMM.
DMMs or CPMs are fast growing, indigenous movements of obedient Jesus followers. In these movements, disciples gather themselves into groups that we sometimes call house churches. Others call them discipleship groups, story groups, etc. These groups multiply and start more groups. A DMM/CPM is a supernatural move of God’s Spirit sweeping through a people group or area where thousands of lives are transformed as people enter God’s Kingdom and become part of His family.
Following are several definitions by leading writers and teachers of CPMs and DMMs from their organizational perspective.
A definition for Church Planting Movements: “a rapid multiplication of indigenous churches, planting churches that sweeps through a people group or population segment.”
Watson, New Generations:
To see a CPM, the equipping of leadership is critical. Our definition of leadership includes reproduction of leaders. A leader makes more leaders regularly, and…
To see a CPM, the obedience-based discipleship of all people is essential. Our definition of a disciple includes obedience to Jesus and the reproduction of disciples. An obedient disciple makes more disciples regularly, and…
To see a CPM, Bible story/study groups reproduce regularly, and…
To see a CPM, churches reproduce regularly, and…
To see a CPM, church members are ministering to their communities, and the Kingdom of God is expanding from individual to individual, family to family, community to community, city to city, and nation to nation.
Our goal is never only to plant one church. We want to start groups of Jesus followers (disciples) that then start other groups of disciples growing into movements of disciples. Everything we do should lead to multiplication. Apostolic teams should carefully evaluate their strategies and ways of working to make sure they are reproducible. We avoid doing things that have proven to hinder multiplication, such as building church buildings, paying local pastors or elders, or bringing in a lot of foreign finances and forms.
May God grant us the joy of seeing many, many DMMs take place among the unreached in these days!